رونق تولید ملی | دوشنبه، ۲۸ بهمن ۱۳۹۸

پیتکاله : جغد - نمایش محتوای تولیدات ویژه

 

 

پیتکاله : جغد

مرغ حق ، شاه بوف ، جغد جنگلی، جغد کوچک ، جغد تالابی ، از گونه های تیره ی جغدیان ، راسته ی جغدسانان هستند که در ایران به ویژه مازندران بومی و فراوان هستند " در این میان فقط مرغ حق در ایران حضور تابستانه و فراوان دارد . در مازندران به جغد می گویند : "پیتکاله" یا "پیتکله" . پیتکاله (جغد) در فرهنگ عامه مردم این سامان چون سایر نقاط ایران نماد بدشگونی و پرنده یی بد یومن است .برابر باور مردم مازندران " اگر پیتکاله بر بام یا دیوار خانه ی کسی بنشیند ، بعداز آن می رود قبرستان محل و منتظر می ماند تا صاحب خانه را بیاورند". همین طور معتقدند که " اگر جغد را بکشند باید کفاره داد ، تا رفع بلا و مصیبت شود"

 

Owl is a hunting bird with a body about 13–70 cm and wingspans between 0.3–2.0 meters. Owls often fly and hunt during night. They apparently feed only on animals. Rodents are the most common prey; the smaller species, however, eat insects. Prey is generally swallowed whole and indigestible material, such as feathers, fur, and bones, are regurgitated in the form of a compact pellet. All owls have the same general appearance, which is characterized by a flat face with a small hooked beak and large, forward-facing eyes. The tail is short and the wings are rounded. Their nocturnal habits and inconspicuous daytime behavior provide them some protection from shooting by human. The greatest population densities are attained by small, territorial, insectivorous species, with pairs spaced about 200 meters (660 feet) apart in suitable woodland. A variety of owls may depend on a single prey species when it becomes exceptionally abundant. The secretive habits, quiet flight, and haunting calls of owl have made them the objects of superstition and even fear in many parts of the world. Local people in Mazandaran call the owls “Pitckeleh”. Owl is considered ominous in the beliefs of people in Iran. People believe if an owl sings In a home, some one would die soon. It is also believed if a person kills an owl, he should expiate.

 



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